Best Practices

European Union

The EU launched in 2011 a Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe. The Roadmap outlines how we can transform Europe's economy into a sustainable one by 2050. It proposes ways to increase resource productivity and decouple economic growth from resource use and its environmental impact. It illustrates how policies interrelate and build on each other. The experiences and successful case studies which were gained in the EU the past 6 years shall be shared with Indian policy makers and stakeholders from the public and private sector. The EU and India together can jointly be trend setters and set new trends and standards, apply innovative RE technologies and demonstrate how economic growth can be decoupled from material consumption.

The European Commission adopted its Circular Economy package in December 2015, consisting on legislative proposals on waste and an action plan covering the whole life of products and materials. It is a key contribution to the Commission's 10 priorities and to the broader agenda of the European Union for jobs and growth. It is also closely linked with the energy and climate policies and it contributes to the implementation of the Agenda 2030 on sustainable development adopted by the United Nations in September 2015. The EU is also very much supporting the IRP by providing technical expertise, dissemination of the results of the studies elaborated by members of the IRP. But the EU also benefits of the work of the IRP by incorporating recommendations of the IRP into its directives and programmes.

In May 2018, EU Council approved the EU’s Circular Economy Package (CEP) including an EU Action Plan for the Circular Economy in Brussels. A set of revised waste directives were given the seal of approval by the European Parliament. The new legislation makes it obligator for EU member states to reach a 55 per cent municipal recycling rate by 2025, 60 percent by 20035. Targets for packaging for 2030 are also included and specifies 70 percent for all packaging, 55 per cent for plastics, 30 percent for wood, 80 percent for ferrous metals, 60 per cent for aluminium, 75 percent for glass, and 85 per cent for paper and cardboard. In addition to these targets, member states are expected to set up by 2025 separate collection systems for textile waste and hazardous waste from households and until December 2023 to ensure that biowaste is collected separately or recycled at source.